The Government of Anguilla has appointed a Director of the Environment within the Parliamentary Secretary's Office and is seeking to establish a fully developed Department of Environment there. The organisational structure of this new entity is being developed with the assistance of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States Natural Resource Management Unit (OECS-NRMU), which has also completed a participatory workshop to develop a National Environmental Management Strategy. During the workshop, inputs designed to resolve conservation issues were introduced by representatives from the Trust, including the consultant from the ongoing Darwin Initiative project, the purpose of which is to strengthen Anguilla's capacity to engage in biodiversity conservation. One draft recommendation is for the proposed government department to be accountable to an Environmental Advisory Council which in turn will be accountable to the island's Executive Council. The Executive Council, which meets weekly, comprises the four Ministers of Government, the Deputy Governor and the Attorney General and is the body responsible for making the day-to-day decisions that govern the island.
There is still, however, an element of scattered responsibility for conservation in Anguilla and this is affected by changes in Ministerial portfolios that are likely to occur when there are changes in government and/or the promotion of relevant technocrats. The current Ministries and their portfolios are reflected below.
[to be added]
The Trust liaises with the Government of Anguilla through the office of the Parliamentary Secretary (Environment), which is located in the office of the Chief Minister. It is through this office that the Trust plays its advisory role to the government. In 1998 an Environmental Officer was appointed within the Department of Physical Planning. This resulted in a strengthening of the working relationship between government and the Trust. A period of political instability during 1998-1999 resulted in the dormancy or informal dissolution of the National Environmental Advisory Committee that had been chaired by the Parliamentary Secretary (Environment). The agenda of this Committee was set by the Parliamentary Secretary and based on issues of the day, but the Committee had neither autonomy nor authority to influence conservation policy and practice. With the election of a new Government of Anguilla in March 2000, the Manifesto of the United Front coalition comprising the Anguilla National Alliance and the Anguilla Democratic Party, became the government's official policy document endorsed by the Government of the United Kingdom.
United Front Manifesto
In this policy document under the heading Marine Resources Management and Development, it is written, "The marine resources of Anguilla need to be sustainably managed for the benefit of present and future generations. This strategy will focus on:..." item (d) reads, "continuing protection measures to improve the position of species on the endangered list."
Under the section entitled Environmental Management and Sustainability, "Some of the issues to be addressed are:..." and the first two of six bulleted points are:
"protection and conservation of endangered terrestrial and marine flora and fauna;
Anguilla's response to global warming, climate change and the rise in sea level"
Objective (vi) of the section on Land Management and Development is also worthy of note. It reads, "strengthen the capacity of the land use and physical planning institution to regulate and facilitate economic and social development and environmental sustainability".
(Updated October 2000)